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Bowser - HO - Steam Loco Kits
Union Pacific Challenger 4-6-6-4



History:  The 4-6-6-4 class, original Challenger was designed by Otto Jabelmann of the Union Pacific and first built by Alco for UP. Approximately 230 Challengers were built nearly alike, differing only in their steam pressure, cylinders, and boilers. All Challengers had either 69" or 70" drivers and were rated at 94,400 pounds tractive effort on the Delaware Hudson to 106,900 pounds tractive effort on the Northern Pacific.

The 4-6-6-4 was often used for passenger service, but its main function was carrying heavy, fast freight. It could average speeds of up to 70 miles per hour.

The original Challengers had 21" x 32" cylinders, 69" drivers, 255 pounds steam pressure and weighed 566,000 pounds.

The original Union Pacific Challengers were numbered from 3900 to 3939 when they came from Alco, but were renumbered to 3800 to 3839 in 1944 in order to allow space for use on later engines.

Alco modified the Challenger starting in 1942 and ending in 1944, making a total of 105 new Challenger locomotives. These improved locomotives had attached front engines. Springs and equalizers took up all irregularities in the track to keep the train in equilibrium. This better balance allowed the new Challengers to reach speeds of up to 70 miles per hour or more.

Boiler pressure was increased to 280 pounds, allowing for smaller cylinders. Drivers were still 69", but the total wheelbase was made 5 1/4" longer. The engine now weighed 627,000 pounds and the tractive effort increased to 97,350 pounds.

The engines were numbered in three groups, 3950 to 3969, 3975 to 3999, and 3930 to 3949, with the overlap mentioned earlier above.

Twin stacks were used, large sandboxes were added, as well as 14-wheel bed type tenders of the centipede pattern. Elesco exhaust steam injectors were mounted on the left side of some engines, and were hidden on the inside of others. The pilot was now made of cast steel, and the boilers were made of Bethloc deoxidized steel boilers, replacing the original boilers, which were made of manganese.

Some engines that had been originally intended for the Union Pacific were diverted to the Denver and Rio Grande Western. These were numbers 3800 to 3805. They did not correspond with other Challengers made by Baldwin and were sold to Clinchfield. Clinchfield then had two types of Alco Challengers corresponding to the two types on the Union Pacific.

Complete Kit and Accessories:  The locomotive and tender complete kit has all of the parts to build a working model. You may wish to add your own details or purchase our "Super Detail Kit" if available. Some models have an optional painted engineer and fireman, smoke unit kit and other assemblies available as optional equipment to compliment your kit-building needs.

Part #DescriptionPrice
1-100300   UP Challenger Loco Only Kit * n.a.
1-100321   Painted Engineer & Fireman Challenger & Big Boy * n.a.
1-100325   Challenger Super Detail Kit * n.a.
1-150001  Semi-Vanderbilt SP-1 Tender * n.a.
1-150650  Long Haul Tender Kit * n.a.
1-150681   Electrical Kit Mono 14 Wheel Tender * n.a.
1-500305   Assembled Valve Gear-Challenger * n.a.
635-2291  Union Pacific Centipede Tender - Coal * n.a.
635-2292  Union Pacific Centipede Tender - Oil * n.a.

Kit Components and Replacement Parts:  The following parts are listed in order to identify parts in your kit or to replace parts that have been lost, damaged or simply worn out.  This is not a complete list of all of the individual parts available for this model - please call Bowser with your specific requirements if you cannot find the parts you need.  You may also use our on-line catalog to find parts by description.  Please note that part numbers with a price of "Call Us" may be part of an assembly and may not be available as a separate purchase item.
Part #DescriptionPrice
1-100301   Side Rod Kit Arc-1, K3001 (included in Kit) * n.a.
1-100302   Worm Mount Kit Arc-1, K-3002 (included in Kit) * n.a.
1-100303   Miscellaneous Kit, Challenger K3003 (included in Kit) * n.a.
1-100304  Lead Truck Kit ARC-1 (included in Kit), K-3004 * n.a.
1-100305   Valve Gear Kit K-3005, ARC-1 (included in Kit) * n.a.
1-100306   Castings Kit Arc-1, K3006 (included in Kit) * n.a.
1-100307   Front Frame Kit, Challenger, K3007 (included in Kit) * n.a.
1-100308   Rear Frame Kit, Challenger, K3008 (included in Kit) * n.a.
1-100309   Steam Pipe Kit Arc-1, K-3009 (included in Kit) * n.a.
1-100310  Bell Kit, Challenger/Big Boy, K3010 (included in Kit) * n.a.
1-100311  Trailing Truck Kit, Challenger/Big Boy K3011 (included in Kit) * n.a.
1-100312   Smoke Lifter Kit 4-6-6-4 Challenger * n.a.
1-100313   Exhaust Pipe Kit, Challenger (included in Kit) * n.a.
1-100314   Pilot Assembly Kit, Challenger, K3014 (included in Kit) * n.a.
1-100315   Spare Rivet Kit Challenger * n.a.
1-100316   Pop Valve Kit Challenger (included in Kit) * n.a.
1-100317   Whistle, Challenger * n.a.
1-100318   One-Piece Side Rods, Challenger (4) * n.a.
1-100319   UP Challenger Mechanism Kit (included in Kit) * n.a.
1-100320  Challenger Instructions (included in Kit) [also a 1.3Mb PDF] * n.a.
1-100322  Crosshead Guide Support Kit (included in Kit) * n.a.
1-100323  Drawbar Kit for Challenger/Big Boy (included in Kit) * n.a.


  Prototype 
  Specifications
  Model
  Specifications
  Engine 
  Overhang
  Builder ALCO
  Class Railroad No.'s 3900 (UP)
  Tractive Force 97,350 Lbs
  Drivers 69"
  Weight on Drivers 406,200 Lbs
  Weight on Fr Truck 101,700 Lbs
  Weight on Trail Trk 126,700 Lbs
  Engine Weight 634,500 Lbs
  Engine Wheel Base 60' 4-1/2''
  Steam Pressure 280 Lbs
  Height- 16' -3"
    Rail to Smokestack Top
  Drivers 69" Box Pok
  Gear Ratio 31-1
  Power- DC-71 motor
  Overall Length: 16"
    Engine&SP-1 Tender
    w/ long haul 17 1/2"
    or 14 wheel tender
   Engine Weight:
    1 lb. 15 1/4 oz.
  Overall Engine Length
    Pilot to Drawbar
    Screw: 10.413"
  Height 2.238"
  (From inside of Outside Rail)
  18"Radius Curve 1.13"
  20"Radius Curve .99"
  22"Radius Curve .87"
  24"Radius Curve .83"
  26"Radius Curve .77"
  28"Radius Curve .71"
  30"Radius Curve .67"

  NOTE: If curves are given the
  clearance as outlined in NMRA
  standards, no difficulty with
  overhang will be encountered.




Parts List:  List of parts included in the Challenger Super Detail Kit (see parts list above)

Part #DescriptionQuantity
1-719   Brass Wire 4 Feet .046 DIA 1
1-723   Section of Handrail Wire, .020 X 18 Inches - E-723 1
1-744   12 inches Piping Wire .032 Inches 1
1-6000   Package (10), Handrail Stanchions 4
1-7550   Mkrlite Jewel .050 Dia.Clear Package of 10 6
1-90303   Large Pipe Bracket 2
1-90316   .045 X 6 1
1-90365   Feed Water Pump 1
1-90366   Cold Water Pump 1
1-90367   Round Junction Box 3
1-90368   Detail Pilot Steps & Deck, Challenger 1
1-90369   Radiator 1
1-90370   Left `L` Shaped Bracket 1
1-90371   Right `L` Shaped Bracket 1
1-90373   Feed Water Pump Bracket 1
1-90374   Pipe Union 2
1-90375   Square Pipe Brackets 3
1-90376   Pipe Union .020 Inches 1
1-90377   Pipe Union .032 Inches 1
1-90378   Pipe Hanger 1
1-90379   Generator Bracket 1
1-90380   Large Steam Pipe To Rear Cyl.-Each 2
1-90381   Small Steam Pipes 2
1-90382   Round Steam Pipe Fitting 2
1-90383   Small Steam Elbow Flng.For Front Cylinder (Each) 2
1-90384   Large Steam Pipe Conctr.For Rear Cylinder (Each) 2
1-90385   Globe Valve 2
1-90386   Small Steam Pipe Elbow Cover 2
1-90387   Air Compressor 2
1-90388   Round Pipe Union .046 Inch Hole 2
1-100321   Painted Engineer & Fireman Challenger & Big Boy 1
13-265   Prime Cylinder Cock (6) 12
13-266   Oval Sand Dome Cover (4) 8
13-267   Cab Brace (1 Pair) 2
13-268   Walk Step 2
13-269   Inspection Plugs (10) 10
13-270   Foam Spreader (2) 2
13-271   Cleanouts (12) 24
13-272   1/32 inch Dia. Valve Wheel (4) 1
13-274   Assembly, Bell And Number Boards 1
13-275   Head Light 1
13-276   Whistle 1
13-278   Power Reverse 1
13-279   Trailing Truck Brace 1
13-283   Lubricator & Bracket (Set Of 4) 4
190-247   Pop Valves (6) 5
190-258   Bracket, Headlight, UP 1
190-262   Injector, Nathan 4000, Non-Lifting 1
190-280   Marker Lites, Loco Modern PRR 2
190-293   Starter Valves, Large 1
190-296   Pilot Challenger & Big Boy 1
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